School of Rhetoric - Grades 9 - 12
In the rhetoric stage, 1R through 4R, students use knowledge and critical thinking skills to write and speak with fluency, eloquence, and persuasiveness about all subjects in the curriculum. The study of history, literature, government, philosophy, ethics, and art and music appreciation have become so intertwined that they are studied together and examined through seminars in all subject areas. Advanced science, mathematics, and modern foreign languages are studied as well as rhetoric and debate. In this stage, students choose topics on which to do in-depth analysis and research in an area of interest. Students in the School of Rhetoric are expected to be clear, elegant, and reasoned communicators. They support their ideas with facts acquired in the grammar stage and apply analysis skills formed in the logic stage by explicit instruction in formal logic and examination of virtue. In this stage, students begin to develop original arguments, profess well-informed opinions, and debate ideas. Writing and oration are dominant modes of expression intended to persuade listeners and inspire dialogue. Students are liberated to analyze what they have learned in the prior stages of the Trivium and make individual decisions for their elective course(s) of study.
In The School of Rhetoric, the Socratic Method and Harkness table style discussions are in full force in the study of all disciplines. History is studied through original sources, literature through complete classic works, the sciences through intensive experimentation, understanding of the concepts, and applied science. The mathematics program emphasizes complete understanding of the concepts behind numerical relations.
Rhetoric is the art of communicating well. Once a student has obtained knowledge of the facts (Grammar School) and developed the skills necessary to arrange those facts into logical arguments (Logic School), the student must then develop the skill of communicating those arguments to others (Rhetoric School). During the high school years, students become concerned with what others think of them. Classical education helps students develop their minds to think and articulate concepts to others. Writing papers, researching, and orating ideas are skills required in all subjects. Parnassus adds polish to these skills to create a well-rounded student who can communicate effectively. We leverage these skills through the final requirement of the defense of a 4R (senior) thesis.
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Post Secondary Enrollment Options (PSEO)
Updated March 2017
Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO) is a program that allows 10th-, 11th- and 12th-grade students to earn both high school and college credit while still in high school, through enrollment in and successful completion of college-level, nonsectarian courses at eligible participating postsecondary institutions. Most PSEO courses are offered on the campus of the postsecondary institution; some courses are offered online. Each participating college or university sets its own requirements for enrollment into the PSEO courses. Eleventh and 12th-grade students may take PSEO courses on a full- or part-time basis; 10th graders may take one career/technical PSEO course. If they earn at least a grade C in that class, they may take additional PSEO courses.
There is no charge to PSEO students for tuition, books or fees for items that are required to participate in a course. Students must meet the PSEO residency and eligibility requirements and abide by participation limits specified in Minnesota Statutes, section 124D.09. If a school district determines a pupil is not on track to graduate, she/he may continue to participate in PSEO. Funds are available to help pay transportation expenses for qualifying students to participate in PSEO courses on college campuses. Schools must provide information to all students in grades 8-11 and their families by March 1, every year. Students must notify their school by May 30 if they want to participate in PSEO for the following school year. For current information about the PSEO program, visit the Minnesota Department of Education’s Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO) webpage.
Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO) webpage.